A. The gospels are the biographical history of the life of Jesus of Nazareth, the Christ, of whom it is maintained that he was the Son of the Living God and that he has existed eternally. Therefore, every quotation from him is an appeal to divine authority.
  1. Claims for the divinity of Christ
  a. Divine birth, Matthew 1:18-25; John 1:14
  b. The Heavenly Anointment, Matthew 3:16-17; Matthew 17:1-8
  c. The immortality of Jesus, John 8:56-58; John 1:1-3
  d. Christ, the Creator of the universe, John 1:10.
  e. Jesus’ claim to divinity, John 18:33-37
  f. The Events at the Crucifixion, Matthew 27:45, 54
  g. The Resurrection from the Dead, Matthew 28; Romans 1:3; et al
B. The gospels are biographical histories of the life of Christ, emphasizing his birth and his later personal ministry. They are replete with direct quotations from Jesus. What claims does Jesus make for the source or origin of his teachings?
   1. The self-consciousness of Jesus (his awareness of his identity)
   prompted His making several startling statements:
   a. “Did you not know that I had to be in My Father’s house?”
  b. “Before Abraham was, I AM” (John 8:58).
  c. “I am the Way and the Truth and the Life” (John 14:6).
  d. “Come to me all who are weary and heavy laden, and I will
  give you rest.” (Matthew 11:28).

  2. Jesus represented the Father on earth, and taught only those things
  which were from God:
  a. Jesus taught the things taught him from the Father (John 8:28-
  b. The Father glorified Jesus (John 8:54).
  c. The Father gave Him his message and it will judge men at the
  last day (John 12:44-50).

   d. To know the teaching of Jesus was to know the Father: (John
  3. Jesus not only claimed to be the Son of God and to be representing the
  teaching or doctrine of God on earth, but He promised that he would give the
  Holy Spirit of God who would guide the apostles into three things:
  a. A remembrance of the teaching of Jesus º
  b. All the truth º (John 16:13)
  c. An announcement of future events º

   Jesus fulfilled the promise of John 16:13 in the following
  d.The four gospels are the substance of the remembrance,
  e.The epistles constitute the further guidance in “all truth.”
  f.The apocalypse (revelation) foretells what is to come.

  In commenting on John 16:13, Scroggie said, “There is,
  therefore, in these three declarations a veiled promise of what
  we now have and know as the New Testament, distinguished
  in its parts as history, doctrine and Apocalypse, and answering
  to the great divisions of the Old Testament – history, wisdom
  and prophecy. Christ, therefore, set his Imprimatur upon the
  whole as yet unwritten New Testament, as afterward in
  resurrection life He set his seal upon the whole of the Old
  Testament scriptures as we now possess them, neither more
  nor less. He then the whole Bible, though at that time not a
  line of the second part was written.” (Ibid, IS THE BIBLE
C. What did others think of Jesus according to the New Testament record?
  1. The apostles
  a. John – John 1:14; 20:30-31
  b. Peter – “Thou art the Christ, the Son of the Living God” (Mt.
  c. Thomas – “My Lord and My God” – John 20:28.
  2. The people:
  a. They were amazed at His teaching because He taught them
  authoritatively (Matthew 7:28).
D. The Gospel Accounts
  1. Much of the material was based upon eyewitness accounts.
    a. Luke’s account was based upon “Investigation.”
  2. All the gospels begin with the account of the miraculous birth or the heavenly
  announcement, “Thou art My Son,” or both.
3. All conclude with the account of the crucifixion, the resurrection and the ascension of
4. All glorify Christ as the Son of God.
5. All cite the teaching of Jesus as being worthy to die for, and all record that Jesus
  promised that His apostles would be called upon to suffer and die.
6. All point to Jesus as the source of eternal life and/or the remission of sins.
  (Matthew 28:18-20; Mark 16:15-16; Luke 24:44-47; John 3:16).

(Excerpt from Book Outline on “The Origin and Inspiration of the Scriptures” by Thomas C. Hickey. Unpublished. All Rights Reserved.)

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