INTRODUCTION:
A. Continuing our study
B. Keep in mind:
1. We are considering the use of mechanical instruments of music in the worship of the new testament church.
2. We are now reviewing arguments used by some to justify it use.
C. We have rejected its use on the following grounds:
1. Violates the basic new testament law of unity.
2. Violates the basic new testament law of faith.
3. Violates the basic new testament law of truth.
4. Violates the authority of Jesus Christ.
5. It was not used by the early new testament church. First use occurred around A.D. 600 to 700.
6. It denies the completeness of the new testament.
7. It is not in harmony with the nature of the new covenant.
8. It is not in harmony with the very purpose of music in worship.
9. It is excluded because of the specific command to sing.
D. Let us notice some of the attempts to justify mechanical instrumental music in worship in the new testament church:

I. IT WAS USED UNDER THE OLD TESTAMENT.
A. We grant this.
B. Is this a valid reason for accepting its use today?
C. Fallacies of this argument:
1. We are not under the old testament, but we’re under the new testament.
Colossians 2:13-17 — old testament blotted out, nailed to cross
Hebrews 7:12 — the change of the priesthood necessitated a change of the law.
Hebrews 10:9-10 — first law has been taken away
Hebrews 8:6-7 — Christ mediator of better covenant; first faulty.
2. Such arguments place Moses on a par with Christ and His law.
Matthew 17:1-5 and Acts 3:22-23 do not permit this.
3. Such reasoning results in:
Spiritual adultery — Romans 7:1-4
Falling from grace — Galatians 5:4
4. Adherence to this theory amounts to clinging to the shadow and losing the substance — Hebrews 10:1ff
5. This reasoning would allow men to introduce all of the old testament practices into the new testament scheme including the Sabbath Day, animal sacrifices, circumcision, polygamy, etc.
6. Similarities to old testament law which have been specifically reiterated in the new testament, of course, are binding upon Christians. But the use of mechanical music in the worship has not been reiterated in the new testament.

II. THE BIBLE DOES NOT SPECIFICALLY PROHIBIT THE USE OF MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC IN THE WORSHIP OF THE NEW TESTAMENT CHURCH.
A. At least not in so many words.
B. A fallacious argument.
1. Is man free to practice any and all that the Bible does not expressly forbid? What about counting beads, praying to Mary, observing the Sabbath, dancing, gambling, staring at the sun all day long, etc?
2. We need to respect the significance of specific commands!
3. Illustrations: grocery lists, recipes, assembly instructions, etc.
4. The Bible does condemn the principle of the adding of mechanical instrumental music (or any other unauthorized item) to the worship of the new testament church.
Colossians 3:17 — “Whatsoever you do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord....”
II John 9 — “Whosoever transgresseth and abideth not....”
Galatians 3:15 — “Though it be but a man’s covenant, no man....”
I Corinthians 4:6 — “not to go beyond that which is written....”

III. “IT IS JUST AN AID TO WORSHIP....”
Argument: Mechanical music in the same class with pitch pipe, tuning fork, song book, pews, lights, water fountain, restrooms, etc.
Reply: The primary error here is the failure to distinguish between an aid and an addition.
A. Songbooks, pews, lights, etc.
Do these things add to or change in any way our worship to God? No! We are still worshiping as God directs.
1. Some contend that we must kneel to pray....
B. Pitch pipe and tuning fork.
1. Are they mechanical instrumental music? NO. No repetition of tones combined to produce music. (For example, the old church bells do not constitute music.)
2. They are not coordinate with singing; singing is a type of music.
  3. Is any law of God violated? No, still doing only what God commands.
C. Consider mechanical instrumental music in worship:
1. It is coordinate with singing.
2. It is NOT parallel with books, pews, tuning forks, etc.
3. It is an addition, an added type of music, a violation of passages noted.
D. It really doesn’t aid at all; in fact, it hinders the purpose of music in worship; it hinders by making “teaching and admonishing” more difficult.
1. The sound of music often drowns out the words of the songs; how do you “teach and admonish” if the lyrics are unintelligible?
2. Many people are entertained by the sound of the instruments; for them entertainment becomes the focus rather than worship.
3. The use of the mechanical instruments makes it easier to disguise one’s lack of participation in the singing.
4. The melody and tempo of mechanical instrumental music have the capacity for generating a “warm fuzzy feeling” in one’s spirit, but scriptural new testament worship in song should emanate from a warm fuzzy feeling (“being filled with the spirit”; singing with grace in the heart” — Ephesians 5:18-19; Colossians 3:16) that already exists in the heart. The divine order calls for the feeling to generate the music; the human order leads to the music generating the feeling — a large difference!

IV. IT HAS BEEN CONTENDED THAT PSALM 87:5-7 PROPHESIED THAT MECHANICAL INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC WOULD BE IN THE CHURCH.
A. The argument or contention: (study the passage carefully)
1. That “Zion” is the church.
2. That “this and that man was born in her” compares with John 3:5 — “except a man be born of water and spirit.”
3. That “her” is feminine and the church is spoken of as the bride of Christ.
4. That the highest himself shall establish her.
5. “Lord shall count.”
6. “Players and instruments shall be there.”
B. Our answer:
1. In the old testament, “Zion” refers to Jerusalem.
a. Note that “mountains” is plural.
b. Note that “gates” is plural. But there is only one gate or door into the church — Jesus (John 10).
  
c. The context indicates that Jerusalem is meant.
2. “Born in her” — We are not born in the church; we are born of water, and into the church (Acts 2:38, 47; Galatians 3:26-27).
3. It is obvious that her is feminine, cities are also spoken of in the feminine gender, as are nations, ships, etc. Jerusalem specifically is spoken of in the feminine gender (Lamentations 1:1).
4. “Establish her” still refers to Jerusalem. Compare Isaiah 62:6-7.
5. All these prophetic references refer to literal Zion, the city of Jerusalem.
6. American Standard Version on verse 7 says, “They that sing as well as they that dance shall say, all my fountains are in thee.”
7. Revised Standard Version says, “Singers and dancers alike say, All my springs are in you.”
1. Question: Are there to be dancers in the church?

V. “ALL OF OUR TALENTS SHOULD BE USED IN PRAISE TO GOD”
A. The Argument:
1. Playing is a God-given ability.
2. Man is expected to use his ability to worship and praise God.
3. Therefore, instrumental music is okay.
B. Fallacies of this argument:
1. It fails to recognize the significance of SPECIFIC commands which are exclusive!
2. If natural talent is the principle which governs that which we do in worship, why specify anything?
3. This argument could be used to justify anything at which a person was deemed to be talented from the sublime to the vulgar — dancing, sewing, cake baking, or any type of entertainment for which one has a natural talent.
4. Many people lay aside the commandments of God in order to keep their own traditions (Mark 7:7-9). Such worship is vain.

VI. PAUL WORSHIPPED WHERE MECHANICAL MUSIC WAS USED.
A. The argument is based upon Acts 24:10-12.
B. Two assumptions must be proven, or there is no argument!
1. That mechanical instrumental music was used in Herod’s temple.
2. That Paul worshiped with it and condoned its use.
3. Paul went to Jerusalem to worship:
a. Neither Paul nor any of the other apostles went into the temple to worship according to the old testament under the direction of God. In Acts 3, Peter condemned the Jews for murdering Christ and preached faith in Christ as the hope of salvation.
b. In Acts 5:19-20 Peter was standing in the temple preaching the words of life.
c. I can visit the services of a denominational church and not worship. I have done this on various occasions to acquaint myself with their doctrines and practices in order to more effectively teach others. My presence there did not condone their worship or doctrine, and I was not there to worship, but to observe and glean evidence against them.
d. Paul condemned the whole Jewish system of worship as it continued to be practiced after the end of the Mosaic Dispensation (Colossians 2:6-17).
e. Paul taught that those who continued the practices of the law of Moses were “fallen from grace” (Galatians 5:1-4).
3. The temple worship after the death of Christ constituted INFIDEL WORSHIP. It was perpetuated by those who rejected Jesus Christ.
4. This argument, if allowed to stand unchallenged, could be used to justify all forms of old testament worship.

VII. “THE GREEK WORD “PSALLO” AUTHORIZES IT.”
A. The argument is primarily based upon Ephesians 5:19, “speaking to”.
B. The answer:
1. None of the very reliable (and few of those who are unreliable) translators believed this.
2. If “psallo” meant to sing with the accompaniment, it was a command and the early church sinned by not using such!
3. If it means this, then EACH of us must play as well as sing.
4. Does the word authorize such?
a. The meaning of “psallo” according to Thayer’s Greek Lexicon of the New Testament, page 675, meant “in the N. T. to sing a hymn, to celebrate the praises of God in song.” (James 5:13; Ephesians 5:19; Romans 15:9; I Corinthians 14:15.
b. In classical Greek the word was used to designate singing with the accompaniment.
c. In the N. T. it never carried with it this meaning as any good Greek lexicographer will show.
d. The figure is that of plucking the heart strings.
e. The admonition: make melody in the heart.

VIII. “IT IS USED IN HEAVEN”
A. The argument is based upon Revelation 5:8 and 14:2.
B. The answer:
1. The Revelation was used for signification (Revelation 1:1).
a. These harps were symbols of something....
b. Perhaps melody? — “singing with grace in the heart”
c. Note that the golden vials full of incense were symbolic of the prayers of the saints.
d. Do SPIRITUAL beings play on MATERIAL harps?
2. Even if we were to grant that there were literal instruments of mechanical music in heaven, this would not authorize its use in the church or other worship!
a. John saw angels, thrones, sea of glass, bowls of incense, horses, etc. Could/should these things be found in the church?

IX. “THEY ARE USED IN THE HOME”
A. Many things are morally right, but religiously wrong.
a. Dinners — I Corinthians 11
b. Washing hands and/or dishes — Mark 7
c. Counting beads
d. Even so with mechanical instrumental music.

X. “IT IS A MATTER OF CHRISTIAN LIBERTY” (Galatians 5:1)
A. “Stand fast therefore in the liberty....”
1. The liberty is freedom from the law of Moses
a. Galatians 3:13 — Christ has redeemed us from curse of the law.
b. Galatians 5:1 — Be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage
2. Not to use as an occasion to the flesh (Galatians 5:3).
3. We are still under a law — the law of liberty (James 2:12).
4. We must abide “in” this law of liberty (II John 9).
5. Mechanical instrumental music in worship transgresses this law.

Is Jesus Christian?

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